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The United Nations pays special attention to space activities undertaken by countries and international organizations, in order for them to be conducted in a peaceful manner, that is to the benefit of all mankind.

In this respect, there have been developed and adopted a number of international instruments of universal nature, which regulates the activity in the field, such as:

• Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies - Space Treaty - 1967
• Agreement on the rescue of astronauts, the return of astronauts and the return of objects launched into outer space - 1968
• Convention on international liability for damage caused by space objects - 1972
• Convention on registration of objects launched into outer space - 1976 and Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and other celestial bodies – 1979

Based on these international instruments there has emerged and has been developed a new area of public international law - international law space.

Romania's accession to the UN took place on 14 December 1955, when the UN General Assembly decided, by resolution A/RES/995 (X), the accesion of Romania to the UN, along with 15 other states.

Romania has been a non-permanent member of the Security Council in 1962, 1976-1977, 1990-1991 and 2004-2005, and 1965-1967 periods ECOSOC, 1974-1976, 1978-1980, 1982-1987, 1990-1998 , 2001-2003 and 2007-2009 and had between 2004-2005 a non-permanent membership of this Council.

Since 2007, Romania is involved in a new form of cooperation with the UN, through the partnership developed by our country with a number of UN institutions, active in the development field.