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Europe has its own Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), composed of the Galileo satellite constellation, currently under deployment, and the regional augmentation system EGNOS, which has been operational since October 2009 all over Europe.

Galileo is a joint initiative between ESA and the European Commission. Galileo’s full operational constellation will consist of 27 operational satellites plus three spares circling Earth in three circular medium-Earth orbits, at an altitude of 23222 km. When fully deployed, it will be the first civilian positioning system to offer global coverage.


Galileo integrated onto Soyuz. Image credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace/CSG Optique Video

Specific programmes Romania is involved in:

  • European GNSS Evolution Programme

Romania is one of the 17 Member States and Canada supporting the European GNSS Evolution Programme (EGEP). EGEP aims to undertake technology research, development and verification relating to Global navigation satellite systems (GNSS). It accompanies the introduction of operational GNSS systems to support European scientific, technical and industrial expertise, it brings industrial knowhow on a par internationally, it sustains European competitiveness and innovation capabilities, and prepares for evolutions and upgrades of the EGNOS and Galileo navigation infrastructures.

The programme also contributes to the consolidation of ESA’s technical expertise in its role as design authority and procurement agent for the European GNSS programmes.

 EGEP European Programme. Image credit: ESA — J. Huart